Time Zone

GMT + 2 hours.


The monetary unit of South Africa is the Rand, divided into cents and abbreviated as R and C.

Notes currently in circulation are to the value of R200; R100; R50; R20 and R10.  Coins are in denominations of R5; R2; R1; 50c; 20c; 10c; 5c. All currency must be declared on entry into South Africa.

Money Matters

 All major credit cards are accepted at most establishments, although Visa and MasterCard are the most widely accepted.

Travellers cheques can be cashed 24 hours a day in major hotels and airports.  A small commission will be charged.  Banks will change Travellers cheques during banking hours - please note: you must produce your passport. Branches of Rennies Travel provide a convenient alternative to banks for changing money as they have longer opening hours. The Rennies branch at the V&A Waterfront in Cape Town is open seven days a week.

Some shops will give you a discount to foreign passport holders, if buying jewellery or large purchases.  They will require your passport and air ticket before doing so.  VAT at the rate of 15% is levied on most items and services.  VAT can be claimed back by tourists on departure on certain goods and services, provided the total value of all goods purchased exceeds R250.00. This can be claimed back at the International Departure Terminal on condition that you produce the original invoice as well as the item at the customs point prior to check in.


For full details on climate, please see Best Time to Go.


Visitors to South Africa should be sure to pack: camera, camcorder, batteries and film, insect repellent, sun block, binoculars and a torch, sunglasses and a hat.


Anti-Malaria tablets are absolutely necessary when visiting the Kruger National Park and surrounding game viewing areas in South Africa.  We strongly suggest that you consult your physician before departure.

No vaccination certificates are required from visitors into South Africa.  If you are entering South Africa from a yellow-fever zone, you will need a valid international yellow-fever vaccination certificate.

The sun in the Southern Hemisphere is extremely strong – we recommend an effective sunscreen and a hat during the summer.  It is advisable to avoid the noonday sun.

For up to date information on latest health and vaccination recommendations, please contact your doctor.


South Africa's electrical system is 220/230 volts A/C 50 cycles.

Arrival and Departure Formalities

Visas cannot be obtained at port of entry but must be applied for at South African diplomatic or consular representatives abroad. Minimum of two blank pages in passport.

Local Food

Throughout South Africa it is generally safe to eat all foods, including salads and fruit served in restaurants.  It is also safe to drink the tap water in cities and towns.  Purified water in flasks or bottled water is usually provided at Game Lodges.

Local Handicrafts

Traditional South African craftwork, such as bowls, clay pots, beadwork, wirework, carvings, and paintings are good value and are readily available from craft and curio shops as well as from street side vendors.  

Diamond, gold and platinum jewellery items as well as gold coins are also worth a look.

Other Notes

Common sense should prevail and precautions should be taken as in any major city.  Use hotel and lodge safety deposit boxes.  If walking in towns or cities only carry small amounts of cash, do not wear obvious jewellery and keep a close eye on your handbag or wallet.  Never leave valuables, especially money and documents unattended in the hotel room or vehicle.

Rather than walk, we recommend that you take a taxi in cities at night.  Ask the hotel or restaurant doorman to arrange your cab.

Travelling with children

Parents travelling with children to / from or through South Africa need to provide an unabridged birth certificate of all travelling children under 18 years old. Please be reminded that a certified copy of any document such as an unabridged birth certificate or birth certificate is generally only valid for 3 months. The following needs to be produced when entering South Africa with a child.

Child and both parents:
- An unabridged birth certificate
- A valid passport for the child

Child and one parent  
Parent must produce
- An unabridged birth certificate
- A valid passport for the child
- A court order / death certificate / affidavit confirming the absent parent has given permission for the child to travel

Child and guardian 
Guardian must produce
- An unabridged birth certificate
- A valid passport for the child
- A court order / death certificate / affidavit confirming the parents have given permission for the child to travel
- Copies of parents / guardian ID documents
- Contact details of parents/guardian

Child unaccompanied:
- An unabridged birth certificate
- A valid passport
- A court order / death certificate / affidavit from both parents or legal guardian confirming permission to travel
- A letter from the person who will receive the child in South Africa including their full contact details and a certified copy of their ID / passport produced.
- Contact details of parents / guardian


Tipping is not compulsory. You are travelling on an independent itinerary and the cost of your program does not include gratuities. Tipping is a very personal matter and should only be considered when the staff have gone above and beyond for you. Should you feel you would like to acknowledge their service, please consider the following as a rough guide, per person per day.

Tour Director - 205
Driver / Guide (Half day) - 110 
Driver / Guide (Full day) - 165
Hotel Porters - 40
Professional Guide - 205
Ranger - 205
Tracker - 110
Lodge staff - 165

Please note: Currency is in ZAR

The above tipping guidelines are recommendations only and are not compulsory. Please use your own discretion in tipping, based on quality of service.

It is customary to add 10% to the bill in restaurants, if the service has been satisfactory.

Taxi drivers do not expect to be tipped but they appreciate the fare being rounded up.

If you are being transferred by an Abercrombie & Kent representative from the airport to a hotel, then porterage and tipping of porters is already included. You are not expected to tip the A&K representative. Porterage and tipping of porters for transfers from one hotel to another is as above.

Blue Train and Rovos Rail
Tip at the end of your journey ZAR 205 per person per day. These gratuities may be placed in a central box or an envelope, which will be provided.

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